If you do not have the time and money to invest on first aid courses, do not worry, since all you need to know is the basic ABCD training. Being informed about this procedure itself makes you eligible to treat a victim in need of emergent help. But you must do proper research if you are stepping to into help someone in a serious conditions. The information listen below will enable you to help someone in a less complicated situation.
The first step is to ensure whether the individual’s airway is clear. If the patient is conscious, breathing and is responsive then their airway is clear. But if he/she is in an unconscious and unresponsive state, then your first instinct should be to check for air blocks. Open the victim’s mouth and see if it is blocked. If so, you will have to tilt their head, open the mouth and clear the content until the passage is free.
If you have been to lifeguard training courses, then you might know that this is the very first lesson taught. If the person was/is unconscious underwater, it is important to ensure proper breathing. You can look for movements in the chest to ensure breathing by moving your hands up and down the chest area. You can also move your ear closer towards their nose/mouth to see to hear their breathing. It is important to monitor the breathing of an unconscious person until the ambulance arrives.
This is one of the most common first aid treatment taught in lifeguard training courses and in many other first aid training courses. CPR is usually used on individuals who are not breathing and unconscious. The basic way is to place your hands on their chest to apply firm pressure by pushing down smoothly. To encourage breathing, clip their nostrils and blow into their mouths. The normal procedure includes 30 compressions and 2 breathings.
If available, this is yet another method to treat an unconscious individual who is not breathing. Automated external defibrillators are quicker and more effective in healing the patient. It applies an electric shock that will stabilize any irregular heart movement. Even though you may not possess one, most public places contain one. So, knowing how to use it will come in handy during an emergent situation. All you need to do is to follow the regulations on the machine.
Studying the ABCD procedure itself can be very useful. It will not only save a life, but will also reduce immediate pain and prevent severe damage.